There are numerous varieties of flooring supplies utilized in constructing development and their choice is dependent upon purposes, aesthetics, and selection of consumer. A flooring in constructing development is a leveled floor that may help the objects, occupants, and so on. Totally different flooring varieties are there based mostly on various factors. The flooring materials are chosen as per the requirement of the consumer and based mostly on purposes which supply probably the most satisfying outcomes for goal, both it might be economically or sturdiness sensible.
Cement Concrete Flooring Materials in Buildings
Concrete is mostly used flooring materials. It’s appropriate for any kind of development and is cheaper than others and sturdy. Cement Concrete mixture of 1:3:6 to 1:5:10 or lime concrete with 40% 1:2 lime sand mortar and 60% coarse combination is used as base course. After hardening, 1:2:4 cement concrete combine with 40 mm thick layer is laid as topping. In industrial buildings, granolithic end is offered to acquire laborious sporting floor. Granolithic end could be obtained from wealthy concrete with powerful high quality coarse combination combine.
Bricks Flooring Materials in Buildings
Bricks will also be used for flooring functions, however they aren’t appropriate flooring supplies for residential or public buildings. Brick floorings are typically utilized in unimportant rooms, godowns, and so on. For this properly burnt bricks are preferable and bricks ought to be in uniform dimension and have similar colour.
Flagstones Flooring Materials in Buildings
Flagstone is a kind of sedimentary rock which is obtained by splitting alongside mattress planes. It consists silica, calcite and iron oxide. Flag stone is used to fabricate tiles of various sizes in numerous shapes.
Marble Flooring Materials in Buildings
Marble is a kind of metamorphic rock and is used extensively for floorings in industrial buildings, kitchens, loos and so on. they’re stain proof and simply washer-friendly. Therefore, they’re used the place further cleanliness is required particularly in loos. They’re additionally obtainable in numerous colours and designs.
Glass Flooring Materials in Buildings
Glass is used as flooring materials for particular situations wish to transmit mild from higher flooring to decrease flooring and so on. They’re obtainable in tiles that are fastened in carefully spaced frames. Though it is rather expensive it supplies lovely look.
Ceramic Flooring Materials in Buildings
Ceramic tiles are well-known flooring overlaying supplies. Ceramic is inorganic materials and it possess properties like good compressive resistance, brittleness and hardness and so on..
Plastic Flooring Materials in Buildings
Plastic tiles or poly vinyl chloride (PVC) tiles are extensively used these days that are laid on concrete base. These tiles can be found in numerous shapes, sizes and colours. Plastic tiles are of slippery nature and might get simply broken by hearth.
Wooden Flooring Materials
Wooden or timber is among the commonest methodology of flooring. It’s most popular when the timber is cheaply obtainable, resembling in hilly areas. Timber blocks or timber bards are offered as flooring covers. Picket flooring are most fitted for dance flooring, auditoriums and so on. Damp proof course under the flooring is critical for picket flooring.
Cork is obtained from the cork oak tree. It’s used as flooring materials within the type of carpets. These carpets are noiseless and are required primarily in libraries, theaters and so on. Cork tiles are additionally obtainable that are produced from excessive graded cork bar utilizing compression in moldings.
Linoleum is the product obtained by oxidizing linseed oil in gum, resins, pigments, cork mud and so on. It’s obtainable in sheets which is usually used as overlaying for concrete or wood floors. The sheets could also be plain or design printed.
Asphalt Flooring Materials
Asphalt is very viscous liquid type of petroleum. Asphalt is used as flooring materials in numerous methods. If asphalt and sand are blended in 1:2 proportion then it’s referred to as asphalt mastic which is poured on concrete base as flooring cowl. If sand is changed by marble chips then it’s referred to as as asphalt mosaic. Asphalt tiles are additionally obtainable that are ready from the asphalt fibers, inert supplies and mineral pigments.
Fig: Asphalt Flooring
Rubber Flooring Materials
Rubber tiles or sheets are additionally obtainable in marketplace for flooring functions. They’re produced from pure rubber which is blended with cotton fibers, asbestos fiber. Appropriate adhesives are used to repair the rubber tiles with concrete or picket base. Rubber flooring is noiseless and offered in libraries, workplaces and so on.
Components Affecting Number of Flooring Materials
The choice of flooring materials is finished based mostly on the next elements:
- Preliminary value
- Sound insulation
- Thermal insulation
- Fireplace resistance