Particle board

Are you torn between choosing particle board vs plywood for your furniture? In this blog, we’ll break down the differences, suitability, and pros and cons of both particle board and plywood, helping you make an informed decision.

What are Particle Board vs Plywood?outside

Particle board is crafted from a blend of sawdust and adhesives. It is also known as chipboard and is commonly used in furniture making. However, it can swell when exposed to water.

Particle board
Particle board

Plywood, in contrast, consists of layers of wood veneers bonded together. It is robust and versatile, used in various furniture items, from sofas to wardrobes. Both particle board and plywood are forms of engineered wood.


Differences Between Particle Board And Plywood

Here are the basic differences between particle board vs plywood

AspectParticle BoardPlywood
CompositionAn engineered wood product crafted from wood particles, flakes, or chips.Manufactured wood product made from layers of thin wood veneer
StrengthTypically not as strong as plywoodStronger because of the cross-grain construction
DensityLower density, resulting in a lighter weightHigher density, making it heavier in comparison
Surface FinishSmooth and uniform surface, ideal for applying veneers and laminatesVaries; can be smoother than particle board or may display visible wood grain
EdgesProne to chipping and often requires edge bandingGenerally has cleaner and more finished edges
Moisture ResistanceProne to swelling and damage when exposed to moistureMarine-grade plywood exhibits enhanced resistance to moisture, particularly in marine environments
CostUsually more budget-friendlyTypically pricier, although it fluctuates depending on the wood species and quality level.
ApplicationFrequently employed in furniture making, cabinetry, and shelving.Versatile; employed in furniture, cabinets, construction, and various other applications.
WeightLess weight, facilitating handling and transportation.More weighty, imparting a sense of solidity
Environmental ImpactCould contain formaldehyde or other adhesivesThe eco-friendliness can vary depending on the type of glue utilized.
Strength ConsistencyThe strength is less uniform due to differences in particle arrangement.Consistently robust because of its cross-grain construction.

Pros and Cons of Particle Board vs Plywood

Particle board vs Plywood are both versatile and cost-effective building materials that are used in a variety of applications. They offer many advantages, however they also have some advantages. Let’s see their pros and cons in this table below:

 PlywoodParticle board
  • Plywood is relatively stronger than other wood-based sheet products, like MDF
  • It has endless usage, both indoors and outdoors
  • Different densities of plywood can be used for different purposes, making it a versatile material
  • Plywood is a great material for intricate wood work that can also hold screws well
  • It has a smoother surface than that of plywood
  • It’s made using scraps of lumber products, making it an eco-friendly material
  • Can be comparatively lightweight and easy to move around
  • It’s relatively more cost-effective compared to plywood
  • It can be a little expensive compared to other wood-based sheets
  • The edges of plywood can look unfinished and need to be layered with either laminate or veneer
  • Plywood can be a little difficult to cut and mould
  • You might need laminate sheets to finish commercial grade plywood
  • It’s not as strong or durable as plywood
  • Can be relatively soft or brittle, making it hard to drill screws into
It’s not moisture-resistant and can swell upon exposure

Not ideal for heavy-duty use

How do factors affecting Particle Board vs Plywood price compare?

Cost Comparison:

Particle boards tend to be more economical, while plywood is known for its durability. On average, particle board costs around Rs. 35-60 per square foot, whereas plywood typically ranges from Rs. 50-150 per square foot.

Factors Affecting Price:

The price of both particle board and plywood is influenced by several factors including the type of wood used, the manufacturing process, thickness, and brand. Higher-quality materials generally command a higher price compared to lower-quality alternatives.

ParameterParticle BoardPlywood
Raw Material CostLowerHigher
Manufacturing CostLowerHigher
ThicknessThinner: Lower, Thicker: HigherThinner: Lower, Thicker: Higher
FinishThe cost is influenced by the type and complexity of the finish.The cost is influenced by the type and complexity of the finish.

Applications of Particle Board and Plywood

Recommended uses for particle board

Use particle board in your home
Use particle board in your home

Now that you’re familiar with its potential, let’s explore the diverse applications of particle board and where it excels. Particle boards, known for their versatility, find utility in various home projects. It’s suitable for false ceilings, wall units, and panels, and serves as the structural core for modular furniture. Notably, it’s a favorite for DIY enthusiasts due to its widespread availability and cost-effectiveness. If you enjoy home improvement projects, particle board can be your preferred choice

> Read more: Laminate Flooring: Everything You Need to Know

Recommended uses for plywood

Use plywood to make durable cabinet
Use plywood to make durable cabinet

We’ve discussed plywood’s durability, but let’s explore its ideal home applications. Plywood finds utility in various areas including flooring, wardrobes, cabinets, doors, shutters, and walls. Additionally, it serves well in crafting headboards, footboards, wall panels, and as a framework for upholstered furniture. Enhancements such as bug, fire, mold, and water resistance treatments further elevate its utility.